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林鄭月娥今天(十月十二日)發表了任內第一份行政長官施政報告(Maiden Policy Address)。在二百七十五個段落之中,羅列新政府在七大施政方針的「新思維」和「新角色」。本文摘選了六個與大學生有關的新政策。

1. [STEM]教育局將注資30億元,以助學金吸引本地學生修讀本地大學研究院研究課程;資助企業聘用創科博士後專才從事研究工作科研及產品開發;並提供更多實習研究員崗位供STEM畢業生。另外,政府亦利用20億元的「創科創投基金」,與私人風險投資基金共同投資本地創科初創企業。

2. [置業易?]除了居屋和「綠置居」外,政府將於觀塘提供約1 000個單位的住宅用地推行「港人首置上車盤」試驗計劃。居港滿七年的香港居民,從來沒有在香港置業,而每月收入不超過34,000元(單身人士)/ 不超過68,000元(二人或以上家庭)將受惠(實施機制仍需進一步研究)。

3. [搭車著數] 政府會為每月公共交通開支超出400元的市民提供額外金額的25%補貼,以每月300元為上限。計劃將會涵蓋港鐵、專營巴士、專線小巴、渡輪及電車,而且免入息審查。

4. [環境保育] 為響應國際社會對減緩氣候變化的強烈要求,政府將推動香港低碳轉型,期望2030年碳強度從2005年的水平減低65%至70%;並落實《香港都市節能藍圖2015~2025+》(https://goo.gl/bEo9ZR) ,以更潔淨能源替代燃煤發電;亦透過與內地政府合作改善空氣質素。

5. [有份參與]政府將在委員會的層面,提升青年成員(即18至35歲人士)的整體比例至 15% (現為8.4%),透過自薦計劃吸納年輕人加入政府法定和諮詢組織;此外,政府亦會改組「中央政策組」為「政策創新與統籌辦事處」,聘請20至30位青年人,負責政策研究與項目協調工作,從而讓青年更加積極參政。

6.[暑期工]各個特區政府駐海外經貿辦(Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices) 會在暑假期間收納大學學生體驗海外工作文化。政府同時亦會與更多國家簽訂新的工作假期協議,讓香港年齡介乎18至30歲的青年人透過在外地遊歷,從而擴闊視野。

這份施政報告在扶貧、醫療、房屋、人才培訓、經濟等方面提出了不少方向性的願景,但究竟多少政策最終「雷聲大,雨點少」實在不得而知。

正如本會於三月的Snapshot《林鄭月娥的承諾》(見以下連結)所引述,林鄭提到她首要的工作是要「修補撕裂,團結大家」,為青年人提供更多機會,在施政過程中進一步吸納青年人的意見。今年施政報告以「一起同行、擁抱希望、分享快樂」為題,與競選口號「同行」有著近似的志向和抱負,同時反映林鄭創造和諧社會的重視與願景。究竟這份報告是否能夠伸出橄欖枝,修補分化,實在拭目以待。但正如林鄭所言,要實現社會和諧不是靠文字;要解決深層次矛盾,似乎還有很多步要走。

 

行政長官2017年施政報告
https://www.policyaddress.gov.hk/2017/chi/policy.html

林鄭月娥的承諾 | CUHKCAS
https://goo.gl/2D19re

Carrie Lam focuses on middle class to bring housing market out of crisis | South China Morning Post
https://goo.gl/ggo7Ux

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Chief Executive, Carrie Lam published her Maiden Policy Address today (12th October). In the span of 275 paragraphs, Lam details the “new thinking” and “new role” of her Government in the seven policy directions. We have chosen six new policies that are most relevant to us as university students.

1. [STEM] The Education Bureau will invest 3 billion into the following initiatives: bursaries for Hong Kong student to enrol into local universities’ research institutes, subsidising businesses to hire post-docs with expertise in innovation and technology (I&T) for R&D, and providing more research internships to STEM graduates. The Government will also set up the 2-billion Innovation and Technology Venture Fund to co-invest in local I&T enterprises with private venture capital funds.

2. [Home ownership] Apart from increasing the supply of flats for Home Ownership Scheme (HOS) and Green Form Subsidised Home Ownership Scheme (GSH), the Government will release the first batch of flats for the “Starter Homes” pilot scheme. Hong Kong permanent residents who have never owned a home in Hong Kong, and receive a monthly income not higher than HK$34,000 (for singles)/HK$68,000 (for families) will benefit from the scheme.

3. [Getting around] The Government will subsidise 20% of the transport fees for citizens who pay more than HK$400 per month for transport, with the limit of the non-mean-test subsidy being HK$300. The scheme will cover MTR, buses, minibuses, ferries and trams.

4. [Environmental protection] Responding to the increasing international attention to climate change, the Government will kickstart low-carbon transformation, with the hope to reduce carbon emission by 65-70% by 2030, comparing to the 2005 level. The Government will implement the “Energy Saving Plan 2015-2015+” (https://goo.gl/bqTcGc), replacing coal with cleaner energy. The Government will also continue its collaboration with Mainland Government on air quality issues.

5. [Get involved] The Government will increase the ratio of youth (aged 18-35) in government committees from the current 8.4% to 15%, and encourages youth to enter the Government's Advisory and Statutory Bodies through self-nomination scheme. The Government will revamp the old Central Policy Unit into “Policy Innovation and Co-ordination Unit”, and will hire 20-30 youth for policy research and operation works to encourage youth political participation.

6. [Summer jobs] The Government plans to provide overseas internship opportunities in multiple Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices over the summer. It will also make new deals with more countries to grant Hong Kong youth working holiday opportunities.

This Policy Address proposes new visions in areas of poverty alleviation, healthcare, housing, manpower and economy, but how many of those visions will be realised is still an uncertainty.

In our previous Snapshot in March titled “Carrie Lam’s Promises” (see link below), we have talked about how Carrie Lam claimed that her first priority would be to ““heal the society, unite the people” by giving the youth more opportunities to participate in politics and to be listened to. This year’s Policy Address is titled “We Connect for Hope and Happiness”, an obvious continuation of her election slogan “We Connect”, showing her commitment to creating harmony in society. We cannot know yet whether this Policy Address can extend the olive branch and bring about reconciliation. All we know is, in Carrie Lam’s own words, harmony is not built on the foundation of words, actions, however, are a rock-solid proof of intentions.

 

Chief Executive’s 2017 Policy Address
https://www.policyaddress.gov.hk/2017/eng/policy.html

Carrie Lam’s Promises | CUHKCAS
https://goo.gl/2D19re

Carrie Lam focuses on middle class to bring housing market out of crisis | South China Morning Post
https://goo.gl/ggo7Ux

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