【SNAPSHOTS 2018 | #1】六四

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作為近代中國史上最悲壯的學生運動,由和平示威演化成武裝清場,六四事件深深撼動着每一個對國家和社會有抱負的青年的心弦。隨著事件發生二十九年,再有文件 (Contemporary British Report from M H Farr) 質疑當年的武裝行動的必要性。雖然事件最終落得悲劇收場,大眾普遍認為這群不幸喪生的學生皆是對國家愛之深,恨之切的莘莘學子。要求替學生平反、正名的聲音此起彼落,二十九載從未消散。近日「天安門母親」在其公開信中重申:「儘管在維護做人的尊嚴、尋找公平正義的道路上荊棘滿途,他們定必堅定前行。」

劍橋大學香港及中國事務會不敢忘記二十九年前因六四事件而成立的初衷,我們定必秉承本會宗旨,恪守公平及公義原則,以促進中港兩地的人權及民主為己任。我們確不能忘記當年運動帶給我們的啟示:作為一個接受完善教育,飽讀詩書的青年,我們有絕對責任為推動社會建設而出一分力。本會對近年年輕一代對六四事件的冷淡及不熟悉,悼念六四事件的人數不斷下降深表遺憾,但更令人歎息的是社會有不少輿論均鼓吹移民,「來生不做香港人」的聲音實在令人痛心社會上離心紛現。或許,這般心態及對政治的冷感正正是由現時香港的教育制度所致?

從當年的國民教育到今日的初中中史科教革,課程內容皆被人批評有所偏頗。尤其是次初中史科課程改革中不少重要且具爭議的事件如六四事件,六七暴動皆被掦除於課程外。作為一群大學生,我們清楚明白教育對青年以至社會的思想模識的影響力。教育的優劣直接影響社會人力資源的質素。若一個史科課程有所避忌,並欠缺過往的家國大事,並未從錯誤中坦誠學習,又如何培養出對青年對家國的歸屬,如何磨礪出家事、國事、天下事,事事關心的社會棟樑?

誠然,六四事件距今已近三十年,孰是孰非,歷史自會交給世人一個交代。在這日到臨之前,我們只好在每年的這個時候重新審視六四事件,重新學習這份視家國大事為己任的高尚情操,好讓我們得以堅定信念,譜下香港未來的前路。

毋忘六四。

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【SNAPSHOTS 2018 | #1】The June-Fourth Event

The June-Fourth incident is one of the most tragic events in modern Chinese history, where demonstrations of passionate university students in Beijing turned into scenes of tanks and guns being employed in Tiananmen Square, Beijing. Contemporary British report from M H Farr, which has been recently released by The National Archives, noted the People’s Liberation Army’s ‘inability to exploit the chances of almost bloodless victory’, and in fact was ‘firing indiscriminately’.

While the casualty remains unknown, it is clear that the students were fighting for the betterment of China: their discontent towards corruption and bureaucracy, and their pursuit of freedom and democracy in China. Voices both within the Greater China region and the West have been seeking for an official reassessment and redress for the incident. The ‘Tiananmen Mothers’, a group comprising the parents, friends and relatives of victims of the incident, has recently received donations from ‘Humanitarian China’ and England’s ‘June 4 Foundation’. In an open letter, the group noted that:

‘For 29 years we’ve been upholding our own human dignity as we walk a hard road in search of fairness and justice.’

CUHKCAS is a society that has its foundation rooted in response to the June-Fourth incident. Just like the ‘Tiananmen Mothers’, we persist in defending fairness and justice, including human rights and democracy in Hong Kong and China. Whilst there has been a decline in youth participation in vindicating the June-Fourth demonstrators, our historical linkage with the incident remains what defines our society.

Looking back to Hong Kong, people from all political and social backgrounds are similarly pursuing greater freedom and democracy. It is fortunate that these movements did not turn into violence and military actions of such a large scale, but we should bear in mind the historical lessons from the June-Fourth incident and reflect upon recent political events.

It is saddening to see a decline in youth’s interests in the incident, including views amongst university students in Hong Kong that redress for the June-Fourth incident should not be the duty of Hong Kong people, and that there are more proximate issues that we should focus on. The absence of attendance from Hong Kong university student societies in the memorial is disheartening, especially when no alternative forums are held by student societies this year in Hong Kong.

Perhaps this ties into the greater problem of the education system. The recent ‘Revised Curriculum Frameworks of Junior Secondary Chinese History and History Curricula’ has once again neglected prominent issues such as the June-Fourth incident and the Hong Kong 1967 Leftist Riots. As university students, we understand that education is the primary source of knowledge for children, and moulds the minds of our future society. There are controversies over secondary school students’ ignorance of the incident, as a political party’s video has shown; what problems, if there are any, is this showing?

It is true that the June-Fourth incident is a historical problem, but its 29 years of history should not be a deterrent of the pursuit of fairness and justice for the demonstrators.

Lest we forget.

Photo credits: Jeff Widener/AP

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